The hip joint is composed of two bones (femur and pelvis) and the acetabular labrum. The round head of the femur articulates with the cup-like acetabulum of the pelvis. It is considered a “ball and socket” joint. The acetabular labrum is a ring of specialized cartilage that deepens the acetabulum (socket) and helps grip the femoral head (ball).
Hip injuries are becoming more prevalent among athletes. Labral tears and femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) are now commonly diagnosed conditions and are recognized sources of hip pain. These injuries are best managed in a specialized setting where advanced techniques can be chosen according to each patient’s specific needs. Minimally invasive arthroscopic techniques can be used to treat these hip injuries.
Hip arthritis is increasing at epidemic rates. The most common types of arthritis are osteoarthritis, post-traumatic arthritis, avascular necrosis and rheumatoid arthritis. Hip replacement is a very effective surgery for relieving pain from arthritis. Improved surgical techniques and the development of new materials have made hip replacement one of the most successful and reliable orthopedic procedures.