MCL Surgery

knee-mcl-collateral-1The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is one of the four major ligaments of the knee. The MCL is located on the inside (medial side) of the knee and connects the femur to the tibia. It helps provide stability to the knee and minimize stress across the knee joint.

The MCL is typically injured from a blow to the outside of the knee. Once the ligament tears, it heals very slowly. MCL tears can occur as isolated injuries or can be associated with other knee injuries. The combination of an ACL tear, MCL tear, and medial meniscus tear is referred to as the “unhappy triad.”

The most common symptom following an MCL injury is pain directly over the ligament on the inside of the knee. Swelling and decreased knee motion are also common with this injury. MCL injuries are graded on a scale of I to III. A grade I injury is a small tear within the ligament. A grade II injury is a medium sized tear. A grade III injury is a complete tear of the MCL and is commonly associated with tears of other ligaments in the knee.

Most MCL tears heal on their own without the need for surgery. A brace is often prescribed to protect the ligament while it heals. Grade I and grade II injuries usually resolve within 4-6 weeks, though full recovery may take longer. Grade III injuries are more severe injuries that are usually associated with tears of other ligaments in the knee and may require surgery. Surgical repair of the MCL is usually done through an open incision and involves stitching the ligament back together or down to bone. Postoperative recovery is variable and depends on what other injuries are present in the knee.

knee-mcl-collateral-2

ProOrtho Medical Specialties

Latest ProOrtho News

  • Health Tips for Holiday Travel

    Looking for information on how to keep a healthy and active lifestyle while traveling? The orthopedic doctors at ProOrtho specialize in pain management, sports medicine, orthopedic health advice, and more. Contact us today to learn more. The holidays are a time of travel, whether you’re visiting family and friends, getting in some vacation time, or …

  • Treat Your Feet This Winter

    Whether you’re trudging through snow, strolling around the city, or splashing through puddles and mud, winter weather brings a unique set of challenges for your feet and ankles. When it comes to orthopedic foot health, feet are your foundation, stabilizing the entire body so you can do the things you enjoy and perform daily tasks. …

  • Cold Weather Workouts for Pain Management

    Interested in cold weather exercises to help manage joint pain? Connect with our orthopedic surgeons in Seattle to learn about other cold weather exercises, sports medicine, pain management, joint replacement, and more. We are dedicated to improving your quality of life with caring and comprehensive orthopedic treatments. As chilly winds and colder weather start to settle …

Business Office

Surgery Center

MRI

Stay Connected

A Service of Proliance Surgeons