MCL Surgery

knee-mcl-collateral-1The medial collateral ligament (MCL) is one of the four major ligaments of the knee. The MCL is located on the inside (medial side) of the knee and connects the femur to the tibia. It helps provide stability to the knee and minimize stress across the knee joint.

The MCL is typically injured from a blow to the outside of the knee. Once the ligament tears, it heals very slowly. MCL tears can occur as isolated injuries or can be associated with other knee injuries. The combination of an ACL tear, MCL tear, and medial meniscus tear is referred to as the “unhappy triad.”

The most common symptom following an MCL injury is pain directly over the ligament on the inside of the knee. Swelling and decreased knee motion are also common with this injury. MCL injuries are graded on a scale of I to III. A grade I injury is a small tear within the ligament. A grade II injury is a medium sized tear. A grade III injury is a complete tear of the MCL and is commonly associated with tears of other ligaments in the knee.

Most MCL tears heal on their own without the need for surgery. A brace is often prescribed to protect the ligament while it heals. Grade I and grade II injuries usually resolve within 4-6 weeks, though full recovery may take longer. Grade III injuries are more severe injuries that are usually associated with tears of other ligaments in the knee and may require surgery. Surgical repair of the MCL is usually done through an open incision and involves stitching the ligament back together or down to bone. Postoperative recovery is variable and depends on what other injuries are present in the knee.

knee-mcl-collateral-2

ProOrtho Medical Specialties

Latest ProOrtho News

  • America's Best Ambulatory Surgery Centers 2022

    America’s Best Ambulatory Surgery Centers

    Proliance Eastside Surgery Center, the main Ambulatory Surgery Center for ProOrtho has been named one of America’s Best Ambulatory Surgery Centers of 2022 according to a research project conducted by Newsweek. The Proliance Eastside Surgery Center, located in Kirkland, ranked second among ambulatory surgery center in the state of Washington. Proliance Eastside Surgery Center is …

  • 5 Exercises to Help Relieve Knee Pain

    5 Exercises to Help Relieve Knee Pain

    Knee strengthening exercises are important to build surrounding muscles like quadriceps, hamstrings, glutes and calves to improve knee joint stability and support. See a physician for recommendations on knee exercises specific to your condition, and if you find that a particular exercise hurts, stop and try another. 1. Squats Squats strengthen your quadriceps, glutes and …

  • Signs & Symptoms of Shoulder Arthritis

    Signs & Symptoms of Shoulder Arthritis

    The shoulder joint has more movement than any other joint in the body. Shoulder arthritis can make these frequent movements more painful. The two main types of shoulder arthritis are: Osteoarthritis (degenerative joint disease) Rheumatoid arthritis (inflammatory) Osteoarthritis (OA) is typically seen in people over 50 and is due to the wear and tear on …

Locations

Business Office

Surgery Center

MRI

Stay Connected

A Service of Proliance Surgeons