Golfer’s elbow, or medial epicondylitis, causes pain at the inside of the elbow, interfering with grip, lifting and forceful grasp.
It is caused by degeneration of the tendons, which flex the wrist and fingers where they attach to the bone on the inside of the elbow.
Medial epicondylitis also responds well to non-operative management. Again, stretches, splinting, and activity modification can help while the condition resolves. Cortisone can help with symptom management. Surgery can be required when it fails to improve. It is also important to make sure that the nerve at the elbow is not being compressed by the local inflammation. If it is, surgical management may also involve a nerve decompression.
Biceps Tendon Rupture
Distal biceps tendon rupture usually occurs in active males in their 50s. It causes a sudden sharp tearing pain and weakness when a person flexes the elbow against resistance.
Physicians can usually diagnose the condition with a physical exam, though MRI can be helpful if the diagnosis is in question.
Non-operative treatment is possible but results in weakness of supination (the ability to rotate the forearm so that the palm faces up). Surgical treatment is the best option for restoration of full strength.